Kidney disease is one of the most common conditions seen in ageing cats, although it may be seen in cats of any age.
The typical signs include an increase in thirst and urination, a reduction in appetite and weight loss. The disease is diagnosed via clinical examination by your vet, blood tests to check the kidney parameters and a urine test to check for the kidneys ability to concentrate the urine and for urinary tract infections.
Ideally, it is also recommended that a blood pressure measurement and ultrasound evaluation of the kidneys is performed. Once diagnosed, treatment is indicated to help the kidneys to work more efficiently and to reduce ongoing damage to the kidneys. This may be done by a variety of treatments such as dietary modification, medications and fluid therapy.
Many cats diagnosed with renal disease will continue to live a long and comfortable life whilst the disease can be controlled.
The following handouts from International Cat Care Organisation give details on: